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THE UNITED KINGDOM. THE UNITED KINGDOM IS A MONARCH STATA SITUATED IN THE NORTH WEST OF EUROPE. THE UK IS SURROUNDED BY THE ATLANTIC OCEAN, THE NORTH SEA AND THE ENGLISH CHANNEL WHICH SEPARATES THE UK FROM THE CONTINENT,BUT IT ALSO LINKED TO FRANCE AND THE EUROPE BY THE CHANNEL TUNNEL. THE UNION FLAG(OR JACK) IS COMPOSED BY THREE FLAG: SAINT GEORGE’S CROSS(THE NATIONAL FLAG OF ENGLAND) SAINT ANDREW’S CROSS(THE NATIONAL FLAG OF SCOTLAND) SAINT PATRICK’S CROSS (THE NATIONAL FLAG OF NORTHERN IRELAND) THE RED DRAGON, THE NATIONAL FLAG OF WALES,IS NOT A PART OF UNION JACK BECAUSE WHEN THE FIRST UNION JACK WAS CREATED WALES WAS ALREADY UNITED WITH THE ENGLAND. THE UNITED KINGDOM IS MADE UP BY FOUR COUNTRIES:
ENGLAND. ENGLAND IS THE LARGEST COUNTRY IN THE UK. IT BORDERS WITH SCOTLAND IN THE NORTH AND WITH WALES IN THE SOUTH-WEST. THE CAPITAL CITY OF THE ENGLAND IS LONDON. THE MAIN RIVER IS THE THAMES. ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PREHISTORIC SITES IS STONEHENGE, IT IS COMPOSED OF STONES. QUEEN ELIZABETH II LIVES IN ENGLAND. SHE’S THE HEAD OF STATE AND OF THE COMMONWEALTH.MANY IMPORTANT PEOPLE COME FROM ENGLAND:SHAKESPEAR,TOLKIEN AND NEWTON.
The United Kingdom IT IS MADE UP BY THE UNION JACK FOUR COUNTRIES: (IT IS COMPOSED BY THREE NATIONAL FLAGS, IT BORDERS WITH: ENGLAND OF ENGLAND,SCOTLAND, AND NORTHERN IRELAND). REPUBLIC OF IRELAND NORTHERN IRELAND FRANCE AND EUROPE WALES ( BY THE CHANNEL SCOTLAND TUNNEL)
ENGLAND BORDERS WITH : LONDON THE MAIN RIVER -WALES IS THE THAMES. - SCOTLAND STONEHENGE A PREHISTORIC SITE
SCOTLAND Scotland is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom. Edinburgh is the capital city, but the largest city is Glasgow. Scotland has its own Church, the Church of Scotland, which is Presbyterian. Bagpipes and kilts are typical of Scotland. William Wallace is one of the most famous Scots together with Sean Connery. Famous musicians of Scotland include Annie Lennox, Wet Wet Wet, Travis and Simple Minds Scotland is famous for medieval castles and Loch Ness lake (a legend tells about a mysterious monster in the depths of the water).
SCOTLAND MEDIEVAL CASTLE EDINBURGH IS THE CAPITAL VERY IMPORTANT PEOPLE ARE WILLIAM WALLACE AND ANNIE the religion is LENNOX presbyterian LOCHNESS LEGEND
WALES Saint David is the Patron love spoons of Wales THE RED DRAGON IS A WELSH CARDIFF is the FLAG capital. It has got a very important Stadium stadium
WALES. Wales is situated in the south-west of the UK and borders only with England. Cardiff is its capital city. Wales’s main languages are Welsh and English. The largest religion is Christianity. Saint David is the patron saint of Wales. Catherine Zeta Jones and Tom Jones are from Wales. The national flag of Wales is the red dragon. The dragon is a very old Welsh symbol. In the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff there are rugby matches, football matches and concerts. Conwy Castle is in North Wales. It’s 800 years old and it’s got eight towers. The smallest house in Britain is in Conwy. There’s one room upstairs and one room downstairs. Love spoons are the main symbols in Wales: they stand for friendship and good luck.
NORTHERN IRELAND WAR HAS BEEN FOR A RELIGION REASON BELFAST IS THE CAPITAL SAINT PATRICK IS THE PATRON
NORTHERN IRELAND It is part of the UK, but it is not situated on the Island of Great Britain. It borders only with the Republic of Ireland which is an independent country and is not part of the UK. Belfast is Northern Ireland capital and largest city. For many years Northern Ireland has been split in two and there have been many battles, wars and deaths. This violence has been for religious reasons. Saint Patrick is the Patron Saint.
LONDON London is the capital of England and of the United Kingdom. It is the largest metropolis in Europe with a population of 14 million people. Its population is very cosmopolitan. London is a major tourist attraction. It has 5 international airports (Heathrow is the biggest). The most famous tourist attractions are the Big Ben, the Houses of Parliament and the Queens Palace, Buckingham Palace. The Houses of Parliament is where the two Houses of the Parliament (Houses of Commons and Lords) meet for political purposes. Big Ben isn’t the clock on the tower, but just the bell inside it. Buckingham palace is the official home of the British Monarch in London. It is also a famous tourist attraction because of the Queen’s Royal guards. Every morning at half past eleven people all over the world come to see the changing of the guards. The guards protect the Queen day and night. They wear red uniforms and black bearskins. London is a green city with lots of parks. The most famous parks are Hyde Park (where people love swimming, fishing and going out in boats on the Serpentine, the river in Hyde Park), St James’s Park (with birds and squirrels, great for picnics) and Greenwich park. People often have lunch in the parks, spend their free time and children can enjoy themselves in many pools and little lakes. The London Eye, also known as the Millennium Wheel, was built in 1999 and is a giant wheel (the biggest observation wheel in the world). It is 170 m high and you can see the beautiful London skyline from the top. In Madame Tussaud’s waxworks museum there are wax statues of famous people. The Tower of London is a historic tower in the centre of London. It is 900 years old. William the Conqueror built the White Tower in 1067 by the River Thames. It was a fortress, a royal palace, and a prison. Many prisoners were executed in this tower. Now you can see the crown jewels in the Tower of London. London has many important museums such as the British Museum and the National Gallery. The British museum contains Egyptian collections of mummified skeletons found in the pyramids, and Greek sculptures from the Parthenon in Athens. The National Gallery is one of the most important art galleries in the world.
HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT.
TOWER OF LONDON
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